Datasets and indicators

To test the whole-systems response to our sustainable cropping system, we monitor the trends in key indicators of arable ecosystems. The ecological (biotic interactions), environmental abiotic conditions) and economic (viability and profitability) strands of research in agricultural systems have too often been regarded as independent. Assessment of all three elements simultaneously will provide a better understanding of the implications of adoption of new p ractices on the whole system.

Click here for a table listing all indicator datasets.


We aim to enhance the biodiversity of arable foodwebs for provision of ecosystem services (carbon turnover, nutrient cycling, pollination and natural enemy control of crop pests). Ecological indicators include primary producers and their associated microbial and invertebrate communities, including natural enemies, pollinators and decomposers.
CSC posters


We aim to minimise losses of nutrients and agrochemicals to air, water and through soil erosion. Closing the system and improving resilience helps to minimise the requirement for external inputs. Indicators include measures of soil biophysical and chemical properties and estimates of environmental footprint.
CSC projects


More sustainable management practices can reduce environmental impact and biodiversity loss but often have a negative impact on crop yield and relative profitability to the farmer. Economic indicators include key variables that affect financial margins, particularly yield, quality and product sale prices, input and labour costs.
CSC publications